首頁 日本語 ENGLISH 討論及留言板 公司聲明簡介

向上
Bowed-String
Plucked-String
Wind Instruments
Percussion

上海民族一廠

註冊商標聲明

 

 

 

Introduction on Chinese Musical Instruments

With a long history, the Chinese national music instrument is one of the

bright pearls in the treasure-house of the splendid culture of China. The chinese musical instruments consists of four sectoons:

1.Bowed-String Instruments: Erhu; zhonghu; gaohu; Gehu; Bass Gehu...

2.Plucked-String Instruments: Liuqin ;Pipa; Yangqin; Zheng; Ruan; Sanxian...

3.Wind Instruments: Di; Xiao; Sheng; Suona; Bawu;Wood percussion...

4.Percussion  Instruments: Yang Qin;Paigu;Gong;Cymbals;yunluo...

More than 3000 years ago, there were already many exquisite musical

Instruments in China, such as zhong (also known as jong) (bell), qing (also

known as ching) (inverted bell, a Buddhist percussion instrument), taoxun (also

known as tao shiuan) (an ancient egg-shaped, holed pottery wind instrument),

shixun (also known as shi shiuan ) (same as taoxun but made of stone), gu

(drum), ling (small bell), duo (big bell or wooden-tongued bell), nao (big

cymbal), yue (similar to paixiao(also known as pal shiau) made from a row

of Chinese bamboo flutes), he (dasheng) (big Chinese bamboo wind pipe),

yan (daxiao (also known as da shiau))(big flute) and etc. The number of kinds

of musical Instrument increased to 80 or more dunng the Zhou Dynasty, the

Spring and Autumn Period and the Wamng States Period (770-921 B.C.). Other

musical Instruments such as dl (similar to today's pipe), Qiang-dl (an ancient

Instrument used by the Qlang nationality, similar to todya's flute), quxiang

plpa (the predecessor of today's Chinese lute) bill (similar to today's guan

(clarinet)), tonggu (brass drum), Jie-gu (an ancient drum used by the Jie

nationality), yaogu (waist drum) and etc. were further developed during the

Qin and Han Dynasties (221 B.C. 290), the Three Kingdoms (990-980), Jin

Dynasty (265-420), Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589) and Sul and

Tang Dynasties (581-907) as a result of the creativity of the people of different

nationalities in our country and the frequent cultural exchange with foreign

countries. Some of these musical Instruments had later spreaded over the

whole country and become the major national music instruments. During the

Five Dynasties (907-960), Song Dynasty (960-1979), Yuan Dynasty (1971-1368),

Mng Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1636-1911), the percussion

instruments such as yunluo (Chinese gong chimes) bajlaogu (octagonal drum),

bangzi (wooden clappers with bars of unequa length), yangqin (also known

as yang chin) (dulcimer the wind instrument such as suona) (also known as

so-na) (Chinese comet); the pi ucked instrument such as sanxian (also known

as san shian) (three-stnnged Chinese guitar); the bowed stringed instruments

such as erhu (fiddle of two strings), banhu (fiddle with a thin wooden

soundboard), jinghu (Beijing opera fiddle), zhulhu (fiddle for accompanying

ballad singing that is popular in Henan Province) and etc. were developed

as the folk literature and art were flounshing in those periods and hence the

vanety of musical Instruments was further perfected. At the beginning of this

century, a number of new musical instruments were developed successive

among the people, such as houguan (guttural pipe), yueqln (Guangdong opera

fiddle) and etc. used for traditional opera musical accompaniment. Since the

founding of our People's Repulic, the national music undertaking has been

developed vigorously and significant success has been ac ieved in the work

of improving musical Instruments. The performance a nd expression capability

of many conventional musical instruments have been enhanced greatly after

their reformation. Some of the musical Instruments such as fangxiang (also

known as fang shiang) and konghou (Chinese harp) etc. which have been out

of application for a long time reblossom in extraordinary splendour after

reformation. Meanwhile, a lot of alto and bass musical instruments as well

as percussion instruments for toning purpose such as gehu (leather fiddle)

and beiqin, etc. have been developed successfully on the basis of the formal

systems of wind, plucked, bowed stringed and percussion instruments to suit

the needs of modern national music orchestra, and thus a new way for

developing musical instruments is opened up.

       

 

感謝馬友友音樂會採用本公司古箏樂器於國家音樂廳演出伴奏......国際級の演奏家の馬友友先生のコンサートが当公司の箏の楽器を採用して国家ミュージック・ホールで公演して使うことに感謝します